Ocean, Seas and Coasts
- 0.0016 yr-1
+ 3.5 mm yr-1
+0.0015 PgC yr-1
- 0.51 106 km2 per decade
+ 0.07 106 km2 per decade
The Global Environment Monitoring System for the Ocean and Coasts (GEMS Ocean) Programme aims to provide a framework for partnership and recognizes the importance of working with Member States and donors to shape a transformative service that truly bridges the gap between data, people and action.
Implementing region-specific activities, bringing together stakeholders including governments, scientific communities and civil societies.
The Global Partnership on Marine Litter (GPML) is a multi-stakeholder partnership that brings together all actors working to prevent marine litter and plastic pollution.
The Global Wastewater Initiative (GW²I) has been working with governments, partners and stakeholders towards global sustainable wastewater management and sanitation provision.
The Clean Seas Campaign is calling on citizens across the world to reduce their plastic footprint and speak up for their right to a healthy environment, including pollution-free oceans using the hashtags #BeatPlasticPollution for #CleanSeas.
Promoting international cooperation and evidence to support the protection management and restoration of coral reefs.
LAND - BASED POLLUTION
A unique intergovernmental mechanism to counter the issue of land-based pollution.
Promoting international cooperation on the issue, promoting science-based and ecosystem-based management approaches, supporting regional and global assessments, developing best practice manuals and supporting conservation and restoration projects on the ground.
Assisting countries in approving the effectiveness and equitable use of marine protected areas by providing technical expertise and capacity building support on governance of marine protected areas, and their use within wider integrated ocean and coastal management systems.
Facilitating sustainable ocean-based economic, social and environmental benefits within the planetary boundaries of oceans and coasts.
- TWAP Open Ocean: Status and Trends - Summary For Policy Makers
- State of the ocean report 2022: pilot edition - UNESCO Digital Library
- TWAP Large Marine Ecosystems, Status and Trends
- UNESCO-IOC One Planet, One Ocean
- Achieving the Sustainable Development Goal for the Oceans
- UNEP Addressing Marine Plastics: A Systemic Approach
- IPCC Special Report on the Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate
- Global Environment Outlook 6
- UNEP Status of Coral Reefs of the World
- UNESCO-IOC Global Ocean Science Report 2020
- UNESCO-IOC The Science we need for the Ocean we want: the United Nations Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development 2021-2030
- The United Nations Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development 2021-2030
- The Second World Ocean Assessment
- Copernicus Ocean State Report
- UNEP From Pollution to Solution: a global assessment of marine litter and plastic pollution
- The Sixth Status of Corals of the World: 2020 Report
- Out of the Blue: The Value of Seagrasses to the Environment and to People
- Global Map of Human Impact on Marine Ecosystems
- Ocean Health Index
- Global Ecosystem Restoration Index
- Global Coastal Conditions
- Cumulative Human Impacts on the World's Oceans
The ocean’s power of regeneration is remarkable - if we just offer it the chance. We are in reach of a whole new relationship with the ocean, a wiser, more sustainable relationship. The choice lies with us.Sir David Attenborough